Bhattacharya is also a member of the Governing Senate of IIIT Raipur and an expert in technology policies and technology-led societal transformation. He founded Zerone Microsystems Pvt. Ltd., and is president of the Centre for Digital Economy Policy Research. He is former head of the Centre for Fourth Industrial Revolution in India, World Economic Forum, and former Head and Partner, Economics and Policy Practice, KPMG. He is a recipient of the APJ Abdul Kalam Award for innovation in governance, Global Corporate Affairs Leadership award, and the Shiksha Rattan Award. He was also Advisor to the President's office of Sri Lanka on e-Governance and ICT Policy.  

He is an alumnus of the IIT Delhi, ADB Institute (Tokyo), IIM Calcutta, and IIT, Kanpur.